Organic farming in India.

 19 May 2019  |    10:56 AM  |    K Ujjwala

Organic farming in India.

Organic farming in India


Organic farming can be defined as the method of growing crops in a natural way. This includes the usage of natural fertilizers like cow dung, fruits and vegetable waste, egg shells, etc. This method of farming has become very popular in the past few years, throughout the globe. People have also started opting or choosing organic food for health benefits, hence it's demand has increased.  Organic farming limits its method of growing by not using chemical fertilizers or GMOs i.e. genetically modified foods or organisms (these increase the risk of diseases like cancer). This method of farming is considered as a classic method or the oldest form as people in the olden days did not use chemicals or pesticides for farming.

In India, we see many news reports on how farmers are using many chemicals to increase the production of their crops. These chemicals help in harvesting higher quantities in less time and also provide the produce with better colour, shape and size. These can provide short term benefits but in the long term, it causes soil degradation which is very hard to revive. Over the decade, people started realizing the importance of organic foods, hence increased its demand further developing the method of organic farming. In 2016, Sikkim is India's first organic state. All the farming done in Sikkim is chemical free and is considered to be safe produce. It was a state which uses a very little amount of fertilizers, later the government decided to completely cut off on the usage of chemical fertilizers and promote organic farming. Due to no proper marketing and sales techniques, the farmers of Sikkim are facing problems. They should remove the concept of middleman, for the farmer to get a larger margin. Other states like Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Mizoram, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat have an organic farming policy too.

India comparatively has a better advantage than other countries in the world because of its varying land diversity which is different from the extreme north to the extreme south. For promoting this method of farming in India, the government has launched a program called ‘National project on organic farming’. This programme is being followed in the areas where there is very little usage of chemicals and urban 'hinterland’ areas. But people are still in a dilemma to choose organic food because of its high costs. Farmers also have a difficult time choosing organic farming because it's cost of production is very expensive, the produce is less and immune to diseases, and it is difficult to produce in a large scale hence, making it difficult to fulfill the needs of the huge mass.