Modern Technology in Farming in India
05 Dec 2018 | 01:02 PM | Rachit Agrawal
Agriculture forms the backbone of Indian economy. It forms around 18% of India's GDP and provides employment to 50% of the available workforce. This sector has been spearheading the country's growth since it provides vital raw materials to be used by the manufacturing industry. India ranks 2nd in world farm output and the food grain production is bound to increase. Hence the use of modern technology and improved methods in farming becomes vital for the sustainability of this sector.
Indian farmers are starting to adopt mechanization at a faster rate, owing to increased competition and to increase productivity. Technology can be employed for:
1) Bringing about efficiency in farm management.
2) For increasing crop yield.
3) For doing away with the problem of insects and pests.
4) For better sowing and harvesting.
5) Enabling farmers to do their job quickly and efficiently, hence leading to an increase in their welfare.
India is slowly shifting towards modern methods of farming from the traditional ones. Weather monitoring systems are being put into place for predicting and limiting climate risk to agriculture, thus reducing the losses incurred due to bad weather. Many IT startups have been established which provide web-based and mobile phone enabled financial assistance and delivery platforms.
Farmers can now be better connected with the market with the advent of smartphones and smart technology. Mobile-based applications can now enable the farmers to know about the various government schemes and to be better acquainted with the services entitled to them. Many non-profit organizations focus on training farmers, recording their problems and sharing solutions. Cheap technology is being developed which can easily be used by farmers without much financial trouble.
Technology also helps bigger firms monitor the growth of farms in various parts of the country and to reach out to the farmers who suit their needs. Hence this creates an open market kind of an environment which is fruitful for both the companies as well as the farmers.
But the technology does not come easy. Many of the farmers are not aware of the latest trends in the agricultural sector owing to lack of education and the high cost of implementation. Farmers also tend to avoid risk and stick with their conventional methods due to lack of awareness. Rural areas in India are still battling with the problems of electricity and water supply which hamper the growth of the farming sector as a whole.
Hence the need of the hour is to improve the rural infrastructure which will make inroads for modern technology into the lives of farmers and help to grow the country as a whole. Awareness programmes have to be carried out along with new policies, which will provide a conducive environment for the implementation of better farming techniques.